The electronic cigarette is a device designed for inhalation via vapor of flavored liquid, which may or may not contain nicotine. The advantage over the traditional cigarette lies in the fact that no type of combustion takes place , thus reducing the risks associated with the intake of carcinogenic tobacco by-products. The act of using this device has been baptized “vaping”: the e-cig is very similar to the normal cigarette as it mimics gestures and sensations. Given this similarity in experience, many people try to use the electronic cigarette to quit smoking .
This guide has been designed for those who are entering this fascinating world for the first time and want to know more about terminology, components and curiosities about the electronic cigarette, one of the most discussed and interesting devices of recent years.
What is the electronic cigarette?
The electronic cigarette is a device that produces vapor and which gives the person who is smoking it a sensation very similar to that of a traditional cigarette.
The big difference is that using the electronic cigarette there is no combustion process and therefore no common carcinogenic substances that are harmful to the smoker and those around him are produced – a recent study has established that the reaction resulting from combustion generates over 4,800 different substances of which at least 69 are carcinogenic.
In addition, with the electronic cigarette the smoker has the possibility to choose among many aromas and even to choose the amount of nicotine, gradually decreasing it or perhaps eliminating it altogether.
A further advantage that this incredible device offers is to be able to smoke in any place (at the bar, in the restaurant, in the office etc etc) as passive smoke is completely replaced by a harmless cloud of odorless vapor.
How is the electronic cigarette made and how does it work?
The electronic cigarette consists of: a tank that contains the liquid, an atomizer that transforms the liquid into vapor and a battery that serves to make the mechanism work. Each model has variations in these components. We have chosen the best models that could meet the most varied needs (latest technology, longer battery life, more capacious tanks, a wide range of aesthetic product customizations ect ect).
Components of the electronic cigarette: battery, tank, resistance and atomizer
Section that explains what the different components of an electronic cigarette are for
The battery supplies the device with the electrical energy it needs to function. Almost all devices on the market use lithium ion or lithium polymer batteries: these types of batteries allow you to enclose a lot of energy in a small space. The smaller models, such as those similar to classic cigarettes or pen models, have internal batteries. This implies that after about 300 charging cycles the battery will be completely exhausted and the entire device will need to be replaced.
There are also larger e-cigs, the so-called “mod”, both with internal and removable batteries. They are called Big Battery and allow to produce denser steam, thanks to the greater power supplied. These models are larger and it often happens that the batteries continue to last even if the device has reached the end of its life. Even more often it happens that after some time the batteries no longer hold the charge efficiently or it may happen that the wear of the hardware and its components (plastics, buttons, etc.), does not allow you to use the cigarette correctly.
However, most e-cigarette mods mainly use rechargeable lithium batteries, especially 18650 models. continue to use the mod. Another advantage is that you can buy wall chargers (or even USB for car or PC) to have more batteries always charged. Modern vaping batteries also use the Mini-USB connection, allowing them to be recharged with smartphone chargers.
The tank is the component that contains the liquid and can be of different sizes and in different materials.
The tanks are very complex: they are designed so that air can enter but the liquid cannot escape.
The resistance of an electronic cigarette is the component that allows the liquid to be vaporized ; it is composed of a resistive wire and cotton. Each resistor has a different ohm value, i.e. the unit of measurement of the resistance, the lower this value, the greater the amount of steam produced but with greater consumption of the battery, as higher powers will be required, the more the value is low, the smaller the quantity of steam produced, but in this case there will be a lower consumption of the battery, as lower powers will be enough for the correct functioning of the coil.
The most important resistive wires used for resistors are Kanthal A1, SS316, Nichrome and Ni200. Some types of resistors such as Ni200 or SS316 are to be used with certain types of boxes, as they can only be used with temperature control (the SS316 works in both TC and VW), a particular function where it is possible to set various parameters, including degrees celsius beyond which resistance will not go. By activating the battery, the resistive wire will heat up, thus allowing the liquid absorbed by the wick or cotton to evaporate.
The atomizer is the main component of the electronic cigarette . Inside the atomizer there is the resistance, composed of a resistive wire with cotton inside that will be used to absorb the liquid. By pressing the battery delivery button, the resistive wire will heat up, thus allowing the liquid absorbed by the cotton to evaporate. There are several types of atomizers:
- Atomizers with non-regenerable tanks
- Atomizers with regenerable tanks
- Rebuildable dripping atomizers
- Bottom feeder regenerable atomizers
The atomizers with non-regenerable tanks are characterized by the presence of a glass or polycarbonate tank and by a prefact resistance. This resistance is produced by the manufacturer of each atomizer and it is necessary to change it periodically depending on how much the atomizer is used; in principle it is replaced when the taste of the liquid is no longer felt, when the quantity of steam generated is no longer satisfactory or when it returns a burnt taste.
The atomizers with regenerable tank are composed of a glass tank or polycarbonate and a base regenerable. The peculiarity of these types of atomizers is that it is not necessary to purchase pre-made resistors, but it will be necessary to create the resistance using resistive wire and cotton, so to use these types of atomizers it is necessary to have some experience in regenerations.
The atomizers from dripping regenerable are characterized by the absence of a tank. Dripping atomizers are chosen for their excellent aromatic yield. The components of this atomizer are the base, which will have to be regenerated manually, and a top cap. It will therefore be necessary to regenerate the atomizer with the resistive wire and the cotton. To be used, the liquid must be poured into the top cap, without having to unscrew it, directly on the cotton and pour it again every 4/5 shots.
The atomizers regenerable bottom fedeer are a particular type of atomizers to be used on the bottom fedeer box. Also this category of atomizers must be manually regenerated with resistive wire and cotton, however the method of inserting the liquid is different; these atomizers have a perforated pin at their base, the liquid reaches the cotton by pressing the bottle inside the bottom feeder box.